Monday, January 11, 2016

Colonel Kenneth Baillie

Ft. Augustine, FL where Baillie was taken prisoner
COLONEL KENNETH BAILLIE, farmer in England, born 1715, embarked from England to Colony of Georgia October 20, 1736, arriving January 10, 1736. He was part of a voyage from the Glen of Stralbdean, Inverness (the Highlands) of Scotland who sailed on the ship Prince of Wales, Capt. George Dunbar, Skipper. The Scots were brought over to establish a fort in McIntosh Co., (Ft. George), and to fight the Spanish. Oglethorpe was impressed with Highlanders who knew how to fight in the woods. The Spanish Indians were constantly raiding, plundering and were on the warpath. He established himself as a planter of a rice plantation, also having timber lands and two lots at Sunbury. He owned over 1,000 acres of land on St. Mary's Island, his home stood overlooking the Midway River, and he called this place Baillie's Island

In 1742, while an Ensign to the Darien Company of Rangers who, while General Oglethorpe was planning an attack on Augustine, were catptured by the Spanish and taken to Ft. Moosa. The planned attack failed. So, Ensign Baillie was taken prisoner and carried off by the Spaniards to Old Spain, but escaped from there, and returned to England. While in England, he appeared before the Trustees and made a report on the seige of Augustine. He said that the attack would have succeeded had it not been for the captains of the boats who did not capture Spanish vessels to prevent the Spanish from coming into Augustine with provisions and guns. He also report on the conditions of the soil and the complaints made by settlers for not being permitted negro slaves. When asked how he felt on the matter, he said that the Colony did not need slaves as long as the Spanish and Indians were threatening the settlements. Georgia was not supposed to have rum, but at Augusta, an indian trading post just south of the South Carolina border, rum was readily sold, and negro slaves were used on the plantations. Baillie was completely in favor of rum, and told the Trustees that he thought it was wholesome for the Colony. 

Colonel Kenneth Baillie died Sept. 1766 in Georgia. His LWT dated 7/7/1766, probated 9/2/1766, St. John's Parish. He bequeathed large tracts of land to his sons, as well as timber land in Sunbury, Georgia. This traced genealogy is available to members of Georgia Pioneers 

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