Thursday, December 9, 2010

Origins of Scottish Settlers to Georgia

In 1733, General James Oglethorpe invited a village of highlanders from Inverness to emigrate to Georgia. Historically, this village had sided with the Stuarts who wished to restore themselves to the throne of Scotland. The young Flora MacDonald hid bonnie Prince Charles from the English. The Scottish people were actively engaged in secret maneuvers with the Stuarts and used aggressive guerrilla warfare to fight the invading English armies. Because they chose unwisely, they lost their homes and economy. Oglethorpe, having Scottish roots himself, enticed the highlanders to Georgia because their military prowness was needed to fight the Spanish in Florida. The Scots named the village "New Inverness" after their homeland. The name was later changed to Darien. Indeed, the village of Darien, situated between Savannah and Brunswick, on the old 1722 site of Fort King George, was erected to serve as a barrier. The site of Fort King George, founded about 1722, abandoned by the English about 1724. 

Here is a list of the emigrants from Scotland who established a new home and using their guerrilla tacts, virtually helped Oglethorpe win the war with Spain.

The genealogies are available to members of Georgia Pioneers and are found under "Biographies"

Carr, Cross, Cuthbert, Dunbar, Graham, Houstoun, Mackay, McBean, McIntosh, McLean, McKenzie, Telfair.