Plantation or field schools were used to teach children, and later, students went abroad to universities in England. Proof of this is contained in the 2-set volume of Memoirs of Georgia publicized in 1895, where families were interviewed and extensive information was provided. If you think that educational materials were lacking, you are mistaken, for the children learned all of the basics: writing, reading, arithmetic. An examination of some old report cards in the mid 20th century reveal an intense study of the most basic subjects. In fact, the required subjects of the grammar and high schools of today compare poorly. By the time that colonial children completed the most rudimentary education, they were prepared to meet all the challenges of running their own farm or plantation, from architectural skills to a complex accounting system.
Thomas Young Brent Jr. married the widow of Dr. Wesley Clements (who died during the War Between the States). He lived with the family near Forsyth Georgia in the old Smith Plantation home, and died in the Confederate Home in Kentucky.
The Catholic archbishop of Austria ordered all protestants out of the country in 1722. They had two weeks to pack up and leave. Several hundred Austrians roamed about Europe searching for homes. When General James Oglethorpe learned of the persecution, he welcomed these people into Georgia. However, by then, the numbers of homeless was diminished as they situated themselves around Europe, with only about 100 people remaining to emigrate. Maria Kraher emigrated to Georgia from Austria with her first husband, Hans Mosshammer. After he died, she was married to Peter Gruber in Ebenezer, Georgia, and after his death, married a third husband, Charles Floerl. Peter Gruber was born in Taxenbach, Berchtesgaden, Germany. Later on, the name was changed to Groover, especially as descendants moved into Bulloch County.
William Few, a resident of Maryland, came to Columbia County Georgia
where he received bounty land grants in 1769 and 1781.
While still in Maryland William Few and a brother associated themselves
with the "Regulators", a group of frontiersmen who opposed the royal
governor. As a result, the brother was hanged and the Few family farm
Few Sr. was forced to move once again, this time to Georgia. William Jr.
remained behind, helping to settle the affairs of his father, until
1776 when he joined his family near Wrightsboro, Georgia. About this
time, he won admittance to the bar, based on earlier informal study, and
set up practice in Augusta.
William Few Jr. (1748-1828)
When the War for Independence began, Few embraced the Whig cause and
beame a lieutenant-colonel in the dragoons. During 1776, he was elected
to the Georgia provincial congress of 1776; and twice served in the
assembly during 1777 and 1779. He also served in the Continental
Congress (1780 to 1788) and was reelected to the Georgia Assembly. He
served as a delegate to the Constitutional Convention and later became
one of the first U. S. Senators from Georgia. When Few died in 1828 he
was first buried in the yard of the local Reformed Dutch Church, later
reinterred in the churchyard of St. Paul Church in Augusta.
Enduring to the End: The Story of the Escapades of Thomas Ramsey During the Revolutionary War
By Jeannette Holland Austin
The study of the pension record of Thomas Ramsey brings to question the
number of miles he walked and the sufferings and hardships of the
patriots during the Revolutionary War. Of course, all such pensions of
worthy of reading, because these were our brave ancestors who sacrificed
everything to provide a free America. Somewhere in those pensions are
the true facts of our individual ancestors who made history. Forget
about the history books written years afterwards by persons who were not
participants and which only provide but a thin outline of sketchy
Thomas Ramsey of Henry County first volunteered in 1775 militia in South
Carolina, now Abbeville District under the command of Capt. James
McCall. His unit marched to Ninety Six under Colonel Andrew Williamson
and remained about two weeks when Colonel Robert Cunningham, afterwards
General in the British service, came to attack. The troops quickly
threw up a breastwork which they manned for two days before a cessation
of war was agreed upon for twenty five days (November 1775). Afterwards,
Capt. McCall was taken prisoner and Lieutenant Calhoun killed by the
Indians. The command of the company devolved upon Ramsey who was in
command during May of 1780 when Charleston was taken by the British
As expressed in his pension, he had a choice. Either join the British,
run away from the State or "lie out." He chose the latter and continued
to hide until General Greene came through the back country a year
later. He left his hiding place to to join Greene. He went with the
company of Robert Cawther and beseiged Ninety-Six for five weeks until
the British finally evacuated. Then, when General Greene marched to the
east of Santee, private Ramsey followed General Pickens to Eutaw Springs
where they were joined by the State Troops under Generals Marion and
Sumpter where the battle occurred. The day before the Battle of Eutaw
Springs commenced, two rifle companies were raised to protect the Horse
(company) of Colonel Washington. Meanwhile, Colonel Pickens commanded
Ramsey to be stationed on the right wing to the left of the enemy while
his company remained in the battle until near dark, then retreat under a
general order. However, General Pickens sent for Ramsey who accompaned
him to General Greene where he was appointed the commander of sixty men
to eye the movements of the enemy. Ramsey took his stand near the camp
of the enemy where he remained burying the dead of both armies.
Battle of Kettle Creek February 14, 1779.
At the time of the battle of Kettle Creek, Thomas Ramsey, along with
Charles Collins, D. Kate and George Barber were acting as spies to
ascertain the number of Tories then under arms and were marching to
Savannah. Ramsey stationed himself on the declivity of a hill on one
side and George Barber on the declivity of the other side. The Tories
were expected to pass on the top of the hill, which they did, except
that they had about forty stragglers who had fallen behind. But Ramsey
thought that they had all passed and returned to the trail. The
stragglers passed within fifteen paces of Ramsey unobserved. To save
himself, Ramsey stepped aside and hollowed out to them.
"Boys, what are you doing here? Colonel Boyd left me behind to tell you the rebels are close behind."
The Tories dashed off on their horses and left Ramsey safe. Then Barber
asked him, " How did you escape?". Ramsey responded that "hell was
never made for him!"
The rebels proceeded to overtake the stragglers, loosing fourteen men
but finding forty seven of the Tories killed. British Colonel Boyd was
wounded an died that evening. After that battle, Ramsey continued
defending the frontier until March of 1782 when joined the militia and
marched a to Bacons Bridge, twenty one miles from Charleston. He went on
several scouting expeditions including through the Cherokee Nation over
Cumberland Gap into the Tennessee Valley and down the river beds of
that country to Cherokee villages.
Anthony Bonnell was born in 1741 and died in Screven County. He served
as an Ensign in the 4th Regiment in 1774, promoted to Second Lieutenant
of the First Company in 1778 during the Revolutionary War for which he
received a land grant in Burke (now Screven) County. The Republican and
Savannah Evening Ledger: "Died at his plantation in Screven Co. last
Tues., Anthony Bonnell, in his 68th year." 4/27/1809.
Since the records of Burke County did not survive, it behooves the
genealogist to research Screven County as some of the original land
grants later fell into Screven.
Captain John Collins of Acworth By Jeannette Holland Austin
Anyone who has visited the Mars Hill Presbyterian Church Cemetery in
Acworth, Georgia has seen the grave of Captain John Collins.
At the onset of the Revolutionary War, John Collins enlisted as a
private in the Militia of Captain John McAfee, Regiment of Colonel Neal
to defend the South Carolina frontiers against the Cherokee Indians. His
company marched to Fort Independence on the Seneca River in South
Carolina and were engaged in frequent skirmishes; thence to the middle
settlement of the Cherokee Nation where they defeated the Indians.
During October of 1778, Collins visited the home of his father in Camden
District, South Carolina and enlisted as a substitute for Moses Kemp,
taking the rank of private under Captain Thomas Barron. The company
marched to Brier Creek to meet General Ashe where he was stationed for
two months. Then, Daniel McIntire hired him to take his place in the
North Carolina Militia for three months under Captain Benjamin Harden,
Colonel Charles McDowell and Lieutenant Colonel Tinning. They marched to
Charlotte, North Carolina, then to Savannah, Georgia where they joined
General Lincoln, then to Brier Creek and Bacon Bridge on the Ashley
River for three months. He was taken prisoner at the fall of Charleston
on May 12th, and paroled in Lincoln County, North Carolina. After beiing
home about two months, he was taken by a parcel of Tories and carried
to where Colonel Ferguson was with British, charged with violating his
parole, found guilty, and sentenced to hang. But by a providential
occurrence, he effected his escape, seeking refuge in army, joined the
battle of Guilford. He was at the defeat of Colonel Banastre Tarleton at
Cowpens, and the defeat of Ferguson at Kings Mountain. Afterwards, he
went to Henry County, Virginia where he substituted for William Jones
for two months and serving as Lieutenant Adjutant marched to Petersburg,
Virginia, but soon driven from there by British. He was at the Battle
of Jamestown then enlisted in the South Carolina Militia and marched to
the Orangeburg Court House, then Four Holes Bridger then Dorchester, and
Bacons Bridge. Like most immigrants to Georgia, he was in several
counties in Georgia before finally setting at the Mars Hill community in